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Then and Now: Medicine From 1950 To Today

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The editors at Best Nursing Masters Degrees decided to research the topic of:

Then and Now: Medicine From 1950 To Today

In the past 60 years, almost everything about medicine and the medical industry has changed, from health to science.

Vital Signs

Average lifespan


- Then: 68.2 years
- Now: 78.6 years

Being born

Total births


- Then: 3,632,000
- Now: 4,131,019

Birth rate per 1,000 population


- Then: 24.1
- Now: 13.8

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births


- Then: 29.2
- Now: 6.9

Dying

Deaths per 100,000 population


- Cause - Then - Now
- Tuberculosis - 22.5 - 0.2
- Cancer - 139.8 - 188.7
- Cardiovascular diseases - 510.8 - 288.8
- Influenza and pneumonia - 31.3 - 21.3
- Auto accidents - 23.1 - 15.3

Youth suicides (age 15-19) per 100,000 population


- Then: 2.7
- Now: 7.3

Heart disease deaths per 100,000 population


- Then: 307.4
- Now: 193.6

Diabetes cases (percentage of population)


- Then: 300,000 (0.01%)
- Now: 2,500,000 (8.3%)

Vaccine-preventable diseases

Polio


- Then: 57,879
- Now: 0

Tetanus


- Then: 486
- Now: 9

Pertussis


- Then: 120,718
- Now: 15,216

Healthcare Costs

Per-capita health expenditures


- Then: $134*
- Now: $8,953
- * Not adjusted for inflation

Total health expenditures as portion of GDP


- Then: 4.6%
- Now: 17%

Insurance and government portion of payments


- Then: 44%
- Now: 86%

Employment

Total physicians


- Then: 219,900
- Now: 838,473

Hospital-based physicians


- Then: 14%
- Now: 42%

Female doctors


- Then: 6%
- Now: 30%
- Then Now

Hospitalizations

Inpatient days per 1,000 population


- Then: 899
- Now: 633

Average length of stay


- Then: 8.25 days
- Now: 5.43 days

The Cutting Edge

Medical technology, discoveries and innovations.

Then


- Cardiac pacemaker
- Polio vaccine
- DNA structure
- Bypass machine
- Organ transplant
- Pencil and paper record system

Now


- Full face transplant
- 3D organ printers
- Baby cured of HIV
- Liver grown from stem cells
- Robotic surgery
- Electronic health records

SOURCES


- Google Public Data
- http://www.infoplease.com
- http://www.suicide.org
- http://www.nvic.org
- http://www.cdc.gov
- http://www.cms.gov
- http://www.forbes.com
- http://www.nejm.org


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